Ambedkar Thoughts

March 30, 2011 at 9:29 pm | Posted in Ambedkar Said, Ambedkar Thoughts | 56 Comments
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Some opinions of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• Be Educated, Be Organised and Be Agitated

• If you want success, you must be narrow minded.

• A person with an open mind is always the subject of congratulations. While this may be so, it must, at the same time, be realized that an open mind may also be an empty mind and that such an open mind, if it a happy condition, is also a very dangerous condition for a man to be in.

• You may abuse me as much as possible, provided you do not take much time. I am concerned more with time than with abuse.

• There will be no difference between parents and animals if they will not desired to see their children in a better position than their own.

• The history of India is nothing but a history of a mortal conflict between Buddhism and Brahminism.

• You must abolish your slavery yourselves. It is disgraceful to live at the cost of one’s self-respect. Self-respect is a most vital factor in life. Without it man is a mere cipher. To live worthily with self-respect one has to overcome difficulties. It is out of hard and ceaseless struggle alone that one derives strength, confidence and recognition.

• My life is threatened if I came here to wake you up to the causes of your misery and shame. Man is mortal. Every one is to die some day or other. But one must resolve to lay down one’s life in enriching the noble ideals of self-respect and in bettering human life. We are not slaves. We are a warrior clan. Nothing is more disgraceful for a brave man than to live a life devoid of self-respect and without love for the country.

• If you stand by your resolve to extirpate your slavery root & branch and undergo all trials & tribulations for it, the credit & success of my being able to discharge the onerous task will be yours

• At present I am the most hated man in Hindu India. I am presented as a traitor; I am denounced as an enemy of the Hindus, I am cursed as a destroyer of Hinduism, and branded as the greatest enemy of the country. But believe me when I say that when after some days the dust settles down and a review of the proceedings of the Round Table Conference is dispassionately taken by future historians, the future generations of the Hindus will acclaim my services to the nation. If they do not recognize, well I would not care for their disapprobation. My great satisfaction is that he Depressed Classes have implicit faith in my work and undivided devotion to the mission for, which I stand. It is my solemn vow to die in the service and cause of those down trodden people among whom I was born, I was brought up and I am living. I would not budge an inch from my righteous cause, or care for the violent and disparaging criticism by my detractors.

 

Educational thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• Student should pursue their studies very sincerely. You have done a good thing , that you came to see me before leaving Delhi. I do not want victory at the cost of my students. You should return the ticket and do not come to Bombay for canvassing. You are conducting research for Ph. D. in Agriculture, which is very important subject. I wish, you should concentrate on your research. For your information, I tell you that, we have made good provisions in constitution for encouraging agricultural developments.

• We must now entirely give up the idea that parents give birth – janma – to the child and not destiny – karma. They can mould the destiny of the children and if we but follow this principle, be sure that we shall soon see better days and our progress will be greatly accelerated if mail education is persuaded side by side with the female education the fruits of which you can very well see verified in your own daughter. Let your mission therefore be to educate and preach the idea of education to those at least who are near to and in close contact with you.

• Education is something, which ought to be brought within the reach of everyone. The policy of the department therefore, ought to be to make higher education as cheap to the lower classes as it can possible be made.


Social thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• Untouchability is nothing but slavery. Tell a slave, he is a slave he will revolt.

• Lost rights are never regained by begging, and by appeals to the conscience of the usurpers, but by relentless struggle. Goats are used for sacrificial offering and not lions.

• The man who practised what he preached was worthy of reverence. But a good principle never suffered because some men holding it did not show the requisite courage to practice it. Yet there were some who said that inequality would never disappear from the face of the earth.

• If Tilak had been born amongst the untouchables, he would not have raised the slogan “Swaraj is my birthright,” but he would have raised the slogan: “Annihilation of Untouchability is my birthright”.

• Caste has no scientific origin. it is the natural outcome of certain religious beliefs which have the sanction of Shashtras which are believed to certain the command of divinely inspired sages who were endowed with a supernatural wisdom and whose commands therefore, cannot be disobeyed without committing sin.

• Brahman and Baniya has never died for freedom although they are the only fortunate who are deriving benefit now. Let me now how many of them have died in the last war? How many of them are in the army? If there is conscription our people will be the first to go to the army. They will do their duty as they have done previously.

• If there is one lesson that you must learn from my life, it is this, that I have never disowned my community. I have been proud in sharing their happiness and misery, all throughout my life and will continue to do so.

• If I fail to do away with the abominable (hateful) thralldom (those of noble birth) and inhuman injustice under which the class, into which I was born, has been goring, I will put an end to my life with a bullet.

• India is a home of inequality. Hindu society is just like a tower which had several storeys without a ladder or an entrance. One was to die in the storey in which one is born. Hindu society consisted of three parts : the Brahmins, the non-Brahmins and the untouchables. He pitied the souls of those person who said that according to their philosophy there existed God in animals as well as in animate things and yet treated their co-religionist as Untouchables ! He lamented that not the spread of knowledge and literacy but accumulation and monopoly was the aim of the Brahmins. In his view the backwardness of the non-Brahmins was due to lack of education and power. In order to slave the Depressed Classes from perpetual slavery, poverty and ignorance, herculean efforts must be made, he asserted , to awaken them to their disabilities.

• The Swaraj wherein there were no fundamental rights guaranteed for the Depressed Classes, would not be a Swaraj to them. It would be a new slavery for them.

• Hindu society was just like a tower, which had several storeys without a ladder or an entrance. One was to die in the storey in which one was born. Hindu society consisted of three parts: the Brahmins, the non-Brahmins and the untouchables. He pitied the souls of those persons who said that according to their philosophy there existed god in animals as well as in animate things and yet treated their co-religionists as untouchables! He lamented that not the spread of the knowledge and literacy but accumulation and monopoly was the aim of the Brahmins. In his view the backwardness of the Non-Brahmins was due to lack of education and power. In order it save the depressed classes from perpetual slavery, poverty and ignorance, Herculean efforts must be made to awaken them to their disabilities.

• My heart breaks to see the pitiable sight of your faces and to hear your sad voices. You have been groaning from time immemorial and yet you are not ashamed to hug your helplessness as inevitability. Why did you not perish in the prenatal stage instead? Why do you worsen and sadden the picture of the sorrows, poverty, slavery and burdens of the world with your deplorable, despicable and detestable miserable life? You had better die and relieve this world if you cannot rise to a new life and if you cannot rejuvenate yourselves. As a matter of fact it is birthright to get food, shelter and clothing in this land in equal proportion with every individual high or low. If you believe in living respectable life, you believe in self-help, which is the best help!

• I think the day will not the distant when the people, who are placed by the tyranny of the higher classes in to the lower grade of society, even at the present time, will find themselves driven to the other religious folds. There will be then no reason at all for Hindu society to complain that Mohammedan or Christian missionaries are including members of the depressed classes to change the religion of their birth.

• No lasting progress can be achieved unless we put ourselves thought a three-fold process of purification. We must improve the general tone of our demeanour, re-tone our pronunciations and revitalize our thoughts. I, therefore, ask you now to take a vow from this moment to renounce eating carrion. It is high time that we rooted out from our mind the ideas of highness and lowness among ourselves. Make an unflinching resolve not to eat the thrown-out crumbs. We will attain self-elevation only if we learn self-help, regain our self-respect and gain self-knowledge.

• if you say your religion is our religion, then your rights and ours must be equal. But is this the case? If not, on what grounds do you say that we must remain in the fold in spite of your kicks and rebuffs? The religion which discriminates between two followers is partial and the religion which treats crores of its adherents worse than dogs and criminals and inflicts upon them insufferable disabilities is no religion at all religion is appellation for such an unjust order. Religion and slavery are incompatible.

• Who has seen the world after death or salvation? On top of it all, it is mischievous propagated by Hindu scripture that by serving the upper three classes the Shudras attain salvation. Untouchability is another appellation of slavery. No race can be raised by destroying its self-respect. So, if you really want to uplift the untouchable, you must treat them in the social order as free citizens, free to carve out their destiny.

• Untouchbility has ruined the untouchables, the Hindus and ultimately the nation as well. If the depressed classes gained their self-respect and freedom they would contribute not only to their progress and prosperity but also by their industry, intellect and courage would contributes also to the strength and prosperity of the nation. If the tremendous energy the untouchables are at present required to fritter away in combating the stigma of untouchability had been saved them, it would have been applied by them to the promotion of education and development of economic resources of the nation as a whole. They would not have been required to embrace another religion for getting themselves called human being.

• Never regard yourselves as untouchables. Live a clean life. Dress yourselves like the touchable ladies. Never mind if your dresses is full of patches, but see that it is clean. None can restrict your freedom in the choice of your garments and in the use of the metal for your ornaments. Attend more to the cultivation of the mind and the spirit of self-help. But do not feed in any case your spouse and sons if they are drunkards. Send your children to schools. Education is as necessary for females as it is for males. If you know how to read and write, there would be much progress. As you are, so your children will be. Mould their lives in virtuous way, for sons should be such as would make a mark in this world.

• Personally, myself I say openly that I do not believe that there is any place in this country for any particular culture, whether it is Hindu culture or a Mohammedan culture or a Kanarese culture or a Gujrathi culture.

• Every human being without on his part but simply in virtue of his birth and upbringing becomes a member of what we call a natural society. He belongs to a certain family and a certain nation.

• I am not hopeful of the younger generation, which seems to be more predisposed to pleasures seeking and not possessing much of idealism and is not likely to produce men of ideals, principles and actions like Ranade, Tilak and Gokhale.

• History bears out the proposition that political revolution have always been preceded by social and religious revolution.

If the problem of the Untouchables is a social problem, is not that of the Muslims also a social problem? The Muslims too suffer from the consequences of the distorted vision of the upper castes of the Hindus, in the same manner as do the Untouchable… It is our firm conviction that the Nehru Committee’s Brahamanical strategy aims at perpetuating the Hindu social hierarchy in their struggle for political power. What else could be the reason for its extending certain facilities to the Muslims, and deny similar facilities to the backward and untouchables classes of the Hindus? It is evident that the Nehru Committee intends to perpetuate Brahminism.

 

Political thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• For nationality of flame into nationalism two conditions must exit. First, there must arise the “will to live as a nation.” Nationalism is the dynamic expression of that desire. Secondly, there must be a territory which the nationalism could occupy and make it a state, as well as a cultural home of the nation.

• Unfortunately for the minorities in India, Indian Nationalism has developed a new doctrine which may be called the Divine Right of the majority to rule over the minorities according to the wishes of the majority. Any claim for the sharing of power by the minority is called Communalism while the monopolizing of the whole power by the majority is called Nationalism.

• For words such as society, nation and country are just amorphous, if not ambiguous, term. There is no gain saying that ‘Nation’ though one word means many classes. Philosophically it may be possible to consider a nation as a unit but sociologically it cannot but be regarded as consisting of many classes and the freedom of the nation if it is to be reality must vouchsafe the freedom of the different classes comprised in it, particularly those who are treated as the servile classes.

• A people who, notwithstanding their differences accept a common distiny for themselves as well as for their opponents, are a community. A people who are not only different from the rest but who refuse to accept for themselves the same destiny which others do, are a nation.

• In the state of Kashmir the ruler is a Hindu, but the majority of the subjects are Muslims. The Muslims fought for representative government in Kashmir, because representative government in Kashmir meant the transfer of power from a Hindu king to the Muslim masses. In other Muslims states, the ruler is a Muslim but the majority of his subjects are Hindus. In such states representative government means the transfer of power from a Muslim Ruler to the Hindu masses, and that is why the Muslim support the introduction of representative government in one case and oppose it, in the other.

• If Hindu Raj does become a fact, it will no doubt, be the greatest calamity for this country. No matter what the Hindus say, Hinduism is a menace to liberty, equality and fraternity. On that account it is incompatible with democracy. Hindu Raj must be prevented at any cost.

• There is one thing which I think is very necessary in the working of democracy and it is this that the name of democracy there must be no tyranny of the majority over the minority. The minority must always feel safe that although the majority is carrying on the government, the morality is not being hurt, or the minority is not being hit below the belt.

• When I think of our foreign Policy, I am reminded of what Bismarck and Bernard Shaw have said. Bismarck has said that, “Politics is not a game of realising the ideal. Politics is a game of the possible.” Bernard Shaw, not very long ago said that, “Good ideas are good but one must not forget that it is often dangerous to be too good.” Our foreign policy is incomplete opposition to those words of wisdom uttered by two of the world’s greatest men.

• In our foreign policy, we have not been able to make a distinction between Capitalism and Parliamentary Democracy. The dislike of Capitalism is understandable. But we take care that we do not weaker Parliamentary Democracy and help Dictatorship to grow. It would be like throwing the baby out of the bath but in emptying it of dirty water.

• We have told that our foreign policy is a policy of peace friendship. My Hon. Friend. Diwan Chaman Lal, called it the Nehru Doctrine. If that is the object of the Nehru Doctrine, it is a welcome doctrine provided it was observed at all. Now if the object of the foreign policy of this country is to maintain friendship and peace throughout the world, I want to know who are our enemies against whom we want to maintain this huge army at a huge cost of Rs.197 crores.

• The keynote of our foreign policy is to solve the problems of other countries, and not to solve the problem s of our own. We have here the problem of Kashmir. We have succeeded in solving it. Everybody seems to have forgotten that it is a problem. But I suppose some day, we may wake up and find that the ghost is there. And I find that the Prime Minister had launched upon the project of digging a tunnel connecting Kashmir to India. Sir, I think, it is one of the most dangerous thing that a Prime Minister could do… That might happen the Prime Minister in digging the tunnel, thinks that he alone would be able to use it. He does not realise that a conqueror who comes to the other side and captures Kashmir, can come away straight to Pathankot and probably come into the Prime Minister’s House I do not know.

• The Prime Minister has been depending upon what may be called the Panchasheel taken by Mr. Mao and recorded in the Tibet Treaty of non-aggression. Well, I am somewhat surprised that. The Prime Minister should take Panchsheel seriously. The Panchsheel, as you sir, know it well, is the essential part of the Buddhist religion, and if Mr. Mao had any faith in the Panchsheel, he certainly would treat the Buddhists in his own country in a very different way. There is no room for Panchsheel in politics and secondly not in the politics of a Communist Country. The Communist Countries have two well known principles on which they always act. One is that morality is always in a flux. There is no morality. Today’s morality is not tomorrow’s morality.

• India’s first duty should be to herself. Instead of fighting to make Communist China a permanent member of the UNO. India should fight for getting herself recognised as the permanent member of the UNO, instead of doing this India is spending herself in fighting the battle of Mao as against Chiangkai Shek.

• I do not want that our loyalty as Indians should be in slightest way affected by any competitive loyalty whether that loyalty arises out of our religion, out of our culture, out of our language. I want all people to be Indian first, Indian last and nothing else.

• Kashmir was not a unitary state. It was a composite state, consisting of Hindus, Buddhist and Muslims. Jammu and Ladak were non Muslim areas whereas the Kashmir valley was Muslims. If we cannot save the whole of Kashmir at least let us save our Kith and Kin.

• The first thing I would like to submit is that we claim that we must be treated as distinct minority, separate from the Hindu community… as a matter of fact there is really no link between the Depressed Classes and Hindu community… Secondly, I should like submit that the Depressed Classes minority needs far greater political protection than any other minority in British India, for the simple reason that it is educationally very backward, that it is economically very poor, socially enslaved and suffers from certain grave political disabilities, from which no other community suffers.

• The principle of one language one province is too large to be given effect to in practice. The number of provinces that will have to be carved out if the principle is to be carried to its logical conclusion shows in my opinion its unworkability. For I am of the opinion that the most vital need of the day is to create among the mass of the people the sense of a common nationality, the feeling not that they are Indians first and Hindus, Mohammedan or Sindhis and Kanarese afterwards, but that they are Indians first and Indians last. If that be the ideal then it follows that nothing should be done which will harden local patriotism and group consciousness.

• It does not seem to be sufficiently known that India is not the only country where the Mohammedans are in a minority. There are other countries in which they occupy the same position. Albania, the Mohammedan form a very large community. In Bulgaria, Greece and Rumania they form a minority and in Yugoslavia and Russia they form a large majority. Have the Mohammedan communities there insisted upon the necessity of separate communal electorates? As all students of political history are aware, the Mohammedan in these countries have managed without the benefit of separate electorates; nay, they have managed without any definite ratio of presentation assured to them. The Mohammedan case in India, therefore, overshoots the mark in my opinion and fails to carry conviction.

• I know your grievances the Khoti system is sucking your blood. This system of land tenure must be abolished. Its abolition will bring you peace & progress. In order to achieve your goal you must keep the agitation going on. India is likely to attend full control of its destinies in the coming four or five years. At the time you must take particular care to sent to the legislatures the right type of men as your representatives who would devoutly struggle for the abolition of this Khoti System.

• This is nothing else than nomination pure and simple. If he chooses only one candidate in a constituency, there is no election. Demand the right to elect our own representatives of our choice, untrammeled by any condition or limitation whatsoever. We are certainly the best judges of our interests, and we must not allow even the Governors to assume the authority to determine what is good for us.

• Supposing an officer was distributing dole to a farrune stricken people. He would be bound to give greater dole to a person of high birth than he would be a person of low birth.

• I interpret it to mean that the scheduled castes are more than a minority and that any protection given to the citizens and to the other minorities will not be adequate for scheduled castes.

• The Congress is heterogeneous body composed of the expliters as well as exploited and it is quit certain, that the exploiters in the Congress will not allow the organization to work for the masses. A combination of the expliter and exploited might be necessary for the purposes of the achieving political freedom, but to seek to form a common party consisting of exploiters for purposes of social reconstruction was to deceive the masses.

• The Untouchables are not opposed to freedom from British Imperialism. But they refuse to be content with more freedom from British Imperialism. What they insist upon is that free India is not enough. Free India should have been made safe for democracy.

• As for myself, I make no mistake about the fact that the essence of all reforms is to change the balance of power among the different classes if the lower classes gain some other class must lose. If each class remains with no more political power than before then there will have been normal reform.

 

Religious thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• My Philosophy may be said to be enshrined in these three words: Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Elaborating these principles, my philosophy had its roots in the teachings of the Buddha. Though in my philosophy Liberty and Equality have their place, but unlimited Liberty destroyed Equality; and absolute Equality left no room for Liberty. I give the highest place to Fraternity, as the only real safeguard against the denial of Liberty or Equality.

• I did not like Bhishma, Drona and Krishna. Bhishma and Krishna were hypocrites. They said one thing and did the opposite. Krishna believed in fraud. An equal dislike, I have for Rama. Examine his conduct in the Surupanakha episode, in the Vali-Sugriva episode, and his beastly behaviour toward the Sita…This is the origin of my interest in the Buddha and His Dhamma.

• What are the ways and means advocated by Marx? And how do they differ from the ways and means taught by the Budhha? This the important question. The means that the communists wish to adopt in order to bring about communism (by which I mean the recognition of Dukkha, and abolition of property) is violence and killing of the opposed. There lies the fundamental difference between the Buddha and Karl Marx. The Buddha’s mean of persuading people to adopt the principles is by persuasion by moral teaching, by love… the buddha would not allow violence; and the communists do.

• The most important point we want to emphasize is not the satisfaction you get from the worship of the image of god, but the plan fact that a temple is not defiled by the presence of an untouchable, nor is the purity of the image affected by it that is why we oppose the idea of separate temples for us and insist on entering the existing one.

• Hindutva belongs as much to the untouchable Hindus as to touchable Hindus. To the growth and glory of this Hindutva contribution had been made by untouchables like Valmiki, the seer of the Vyadhageeta, Chokhamela and Rohidas as much as by Brahmins like Vashishta, Shatriyas like Krishna, Vaishyas like Harsha and Shudras like Tukaram. The heroes like Sidnak Mahar, who fought for the protection of the Hindus, were innumerable. The temple built in the name of Hindutva the growth and prosperity of which was achieved gradually with the sacrifice of touchable and untouchable Hindus, must be open to all the Hindus irrespective of caste.

• The bonfire of Manusmriti was quite intentional. It was a very cautious and drastic step, but was taken with a view to forcing the attention of caste Hindus. At intervals such drastic remedies are a necessity. If you do not knock at the door, none opens it. It is not that all the parts of the Manusmriti are condemnable, that it does not contain good principles and that Manu himself was not a sociologist and was a mere fool. We made a bonfire of it because we view it as a symbol of injustice under which we have been crushed across centuries. Because of its teachings we have been ground down under the despicable poverty, and so we made the dash, staked all, took our lives in our hands and performed the deed.

• The struggle of the saints did not have any effect on society. The value of man is axiomatic, self-evident; it does not come to him as the result of the gilding of Bhakti. The saints did not struggle to establish this point. On the contrary, their struggle had a very unhealthy effect on the depressed classes. It provided the Brahmins with an excuse to silence them by telling that they would respected if they also attained the status of Chokhamela.

• It is only in a Swaraj constitution that you stand any chance of getting political power in your hands without which you cannot bring salvation to our people. Do not be obsessed by the past. Do not be swayed by fear or favour from any quarter in making your own decision. Consult your best interests and I am sure you will accept Swaraj as your goal.

• The fundamental characteristics of positive religions is that they have not grown up like primitive religions, under the action of conscious forces operating silently from ago to ago, but tract their origin to the teaching of great religions innovators, who spoke as the orange of a divine revelation.

• This is the important question. The means that the Communists wish to adopt in order to bring about Communism, by which I mean the recognition of Dukkha(misery), and abolition of property, is violence and killing of the opposed. There lies the fundamental difference between the Buddha and Karl Marx. The Buddha’s means of persuading people to adopt the principles is by persuasion, by moral teaching, by love… the Buddha would not to allow violence; and the Communists do.

 

Economical thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• Up to 1833 the Company, by means fair or foul, managed to win over the English statesmen to continue her monopoly. But in that year the cry against hr monopoly had gone so loud that both the Company and the Ministers had to give in and the East India trade was thrown open to all the English public.

• … mutiny or no mutiny, the British statesmen were impatient to have direct control over the leaves and the fishes that came but indirectly from their rule in India by a process of disgorging a corporation which directly fed them on beef fat.

• It went as a continuous tribute to England to pay dividends to the Company’s share holders; and as the flow of the money from India was not sufficient to pay the dividends, there was an increasing debt called the Public Debt of India.

• It is likely to be a matter of surprise when one sees the smallness of the Indian Home Bond Debt as compared with the Indian Debt. But the surprise will no longer exist when we know that the capacity of the East India Company to borrow in England was strictly limited by Parliamentary Regulations. The Parliament was ever eager to obtain the advantages of the rule of the company without its disadvantages … Company’s raising the loans beyond a certain limit lest the Company lose its hold upon India and bring ruin on England by jeopardizing English capital.

• The Land Tax levied by the British Government is not only excessive, but, what is worse, it is fluctuating and uncertain in many provinces.

• It is true that the British Government only followed the precedent of the previous Mohammedan rulers who also claimed an enormous Land Tax. But the difference was this, that what the Mohammedan rulers claimed they could never fully realize : what the British rulers claimed they realized with vigour.

• A Land Tax which now exists in India, professing to absorb the whole of the landlords rent, was never known under any government in Europe of Asia.

• India has never had even the shadow of a constitution, or of a national government, but has been ruled as a conquered country, according to the views of successive British Parliaments and the British administrations. The Indian debt has really been incurred by the Government of this country and how, then, can we possibly shake ourselves free of Indian liabilities.

• The company though legaly extinct continues to live for all practical purposes and enjoys her dividends even to this day in the shape of interest paid out of Indian revenues. The astounding result of this policy was gains to England and costs to India.

• The revenues of India shall not, without the consents of both Houses of Parliament, be applicable to defray the expenses of any military operations carried on beyond the external frontiers of such possessions by her Majesty’s forces charged upon such revenues.

• … by no means salutary in that the revenues of India have been spent outside India for non-Indian purposes, even after the Act. The fatal error lay in this, – the excepting clause… omits the vital word previous.

• The immenseness of India’s contribution to England is as much astounding as the nothingness of England’s contribution to India. Both are, however, true statements if looked at from economics point of view.

• Wisdom therefore requires that those who are entrusted with the financial management of the State should look beyond the more immediate object of raising and spending of money, for the ‘how’s’ of finance are very important and can be seldom neglected in practice with impunity. The wealth of society is the only patrimony of which the state can draw, and the state that damages it cannot but end in damning itself.

• Justice in taxation was conspicuous by its absence. It was a cruel satire or at best an idle maxim, for the lancet was directed not where the blood was thickest but to that part of the body politic which on account of its weakness and poverty most meekly bore the pang. The landlords who passed their lives in conspicuous consumption or vicarious leisure on the earnings of poor tenants, or the many European civil servants who fattened themselves on pay and pickings, were supremely exempted from any contribution towards the maintenance of pomp and privilege. On the other hand. the salt tax and … the other oppressive taxes continued to harass the industrious poor.

• It ought to serve as an object lesson to all financiers to show that when their revenue laws are harmful to the resources of the people they must blame none but themselves for their empty treasury.

• It may perhaps be argued on the other hand that much of the military expenditure, large though it was went back into the coffers of the Indians themselves as they formed the bulk of the forces employed in the country and goes on to show irrelevance of such an argument by pointing that one European drew on an average more than he salaries of four natives put together.

• The agencies of war were cultivated in the name of peace, and they obserbed so much of the total funds that nothing practically was left for the agencies of progress. Education formed no part of the expenditure incurred and useful public works were lamentably few. Railways, Canals for navigation or irrigation and other aids to the development of commerce and industry for a long time found no corner in the Imperial Budget.

• There is a principle well known to farmers that constant cropping without maturing ends in the exhaustion of the soil. It is, however, capable of wider application, and had it been observed in the State economy of India the taxing capacity of the country would have grown to the benefit of the treasury and the people. Unfortunately it was lost upon the financiers of India to the detriment of both.

• If the history of development of Provincial Finance is to be divided into stages according to the changes in fundamental basis thereof, then emphasis has to be laid on features altogether different in character.

• As a matter of justice we should have expected the continuance of the income tax to the relief of the State… But justice was for a long time absent from the Financial Secretariat of the Government of India.

• Prospect of gaining half the excess over the normal gave a more direct stimulus to the provinces to develop their resources beyond the normal than would have been the case if the total excess had been entirely appropriated by the Imperial Government. On the other hand the consent secured from the provinces to bear half the burden of a possible deficit in the normal estimate directly put a premium on economical and judicious administration of the ceded revenues . The fear that their obligation to bear half the deficit might assume a large proportion… compelled them to bestow greater vigilance than they would otherwise have done.

• What was an advantage to the Imperial treasury was drawback. Owing to the short durations … (the Provincial Governments) could not adopt a definite financial policy, for they feared that the new terms on renewal might compel them either to give up the policy or modify it so seriously as to prejudice its results… this was just the flaw that deteriorated the sound working of provincial finance.

• Beneficial as far as it went, this time-bar was found to exercise a most pernicious influence on Provincial Finance. Under (the five yearly) system (the Provincial governments) … were parsimonious in the first few years lest their expenditure should prove too much for their revenues, and extravagant in the last few years lest their expenditure should shrink below the standard and leave large margins to be cancelled by the Government of India.

• Increasing association of Indians in every branch of the administration and the gradual development of self-governing institutions, with a view to the progressive realization of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British Empire.

• Again under the income tax holders of income below a certain minimum are exempted from levy. But under the land revenue the tax is remorselessly collected from everyone, be he rich or poor.

 

Constitutional thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

• It may say so, and I say it with a certain amount of pride the constitution which has been to this country is a wonderful document. It has been said so not by myself, but many people, many other students of the constitution. It is the simplest and easiest. Many, many publishers have written to me to write a commentary on this constitution, promising a good sum. But I have always told them that to write a commentary on this constitution is to admit that the constitution is bad one and an un-understandable one. It is not so. anyone who can follow English can understand the constitution. No commentary is necessary.

• We build a temple for a God to come in and reside, but before the God could be installed, the devil had taken possession of it, what else could we do except destroyed the temple? We do not intend that it should be occupied by the Asuras. We intended it to be occupied by the Devas. That is the reason why I said I would rather like to burnt it.

• If every time this parliament is to be subjected to the vote of the ignorant people outside, who do not know the ABC of the technicalities of the law, this parliament will have to be suspended. It would be much better not to have a Parliament at all !

• No constitution will be workable which is not acceptable to the majority of the people… Let the consent of the people and not the accident of logic be the touchstone of your new constitution, if you desire that it should be worked.

• In the Constitution of that machine certain hard facts of Indian social life must not be lost sight of. It must be recognised that Indian society is a gradation of castes forming an ascending scale of reverence and a descending scale of contempt – a system which gives no scope for the growth of that sentiment of equality and fraternity so essential for a democratic form of Government.

• The directive principles have a great value, for they lay down that our ideal is economic democracy. Because we did not want merely a parliamentary form of Government to be instituted through the various mechanisms provided in the Constitution, without any direction as to what our economic ideal, as to what our social order ought to be, we deliberately included the Directive Principles in our Constitution.

• My definition of democracy is ‘A form and method of Government whereby revolutionary changes in the economic and social life of the people are brought about without bloodshed. If democracy can enable those who are running it to bring about fundamental changes in the social and economic life of the people and the people accept those changes without restoring to bloodshed, then I say, there is democracy.’

 

Thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Labours

• The country needs a lead and the question who can give this lead. I venture to say that Labour is capable of giving to the country the lead it needs. Correct leadership apart from other things, requires idealism and free thought. Idealism is possible for the Aristocracy, though free thought is not. Idealism and free thought are both possible for Labour. But neither idealism nor free thought is possible for the middle-class. The middle class does not possess the liberality of the aristocracy which is necessary to welcome and nourish an ideal. It does not possess the hunger for the New Order, which is the hope on which the labouring classes live. Labour, therefore, has a very distinct contribution to make in bringing about a return to the sane and safe ways of the past which Indians had been pursuing to reach their political destiny. Labour’s lead to India and Indians is to get into the fight and be united. The fruits of victory will be Independence and a new Social Order. For such a victory all must fight. Then the fruits of victory will be the patrimony of all, and their will be none to deny the rights of a united India to share in that patrimony.

• Labour’s creed is internationalism. Labour is interested in nationalism only because the wheels of democracy such as representative parliaments, responsible Executive, constitutional conventions, etc.- work better in a community united by national sentiments. Nationalism to labour is only a means to an end. It is not an end in itself to which labour can agree to sacrifice what is regarded as the most essential principal of life.

• I have heard labour leaders speaking against capitalism. But I never heard any labour leaders speaking against Brahmanism amongst workers. On the other hand their silence on this point is quite conspicuous.

 

Thoughts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on M. K. Gandhi

• The Mahatma has been claiming that the Congress stands for the Depressed Classes and that the Congress represents the Depressed Classes and that my colleagues can do. To that claim, I can only say that it is one of the many false claims which irresponsible people keep on making, although the person concerned with regard to those claims have been invariably denying them.

• Gandhi’s voice is only one against many. They may be small fry and the Mahatma may be speaking on behalf of a most influential organization. To my mind the Mahatma should have brought a strong contingent of representatives of the nationalist sections of the great minorities. Then they would have been able to speak in reply to such people as are criticizing him today.

• Unfortunately, the Congress chose Mr. Gandhi as its representative. A worse person could not have been chosen to guide India’s destiny. As a unifying force he was a failure. Mr. Gandhi presents himself as a man full of humility. But his behaviour at the Round Table Conference showed that in the flush of victory Mr. Gandhi could be very petty-minded. As a result of his successful compromise with the Government just before he came, Mr. Gandhi treated the whole non-Congress delegation with contempt. He insulted them whenever as occasion furnished him with an excuse by openly telling them that they were nobodies and that he alone, as the delegate of the Congress, represented the country instead of unifying the delegation, Mr. Gandhi, widened the breach. From the point of view of knowledge, Mr. Gandhi proved himself to be a very ill equipped person. On the many constitutional and communal questions with which the Conference was confronted, Mr. Gandhi had many platitudes to utter but no views or suggestions of a constructive character to offer.

• I am described as a traitor by Congressmen because I oppose Gandhi. I am not at all perturbed by this charge. It is baseless, false and malicious. But it was a great shock to the world that Gandhi himself should have sponsored violent opposition to the breaking of your shackles. I am confident that the future generations of Hindus will appreciate my services when they study the history of the Round Table Conference.

• It would have been justifiable if Mr. Gandhi had resorted to this extreme step for obtaining independence for the country on which he was so insistent all through the Round Table Conference debates. It is also a painful surprise that Mr. Gandhi should have singled out special representation for the Depressed Classes in the Communal Award as an excuse for his self-immolation. Separate electorates are granted not only to the Depressed Classes but to the Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans as well as to Mohammedan and Sikhs.

• The Mahatma is not an immortal person, nor the Congress, assuming that it is not a malevolent force and is not to have an abiding existence. There have been many Mahatmas in India whose sole object was to remove Untouchability and to elevate and absorb the Depressed Classes, but every one of them has failed in his mission. Mahatmas have come and Mahatmas have gone. But the Untouchables have remained as Untouchables.

• It has fallen to my lot to be the villain of the piece. But I tell you I shall not deter from my pious duty, and betray the just and legitimate interests of my people even if you hand me on the nearest lamp-post in the street. You better appeal to Gandhi to postpone his fast about a week and then seek for the solution of the problem.

• The first source of confusion is the temperament of the Mahatma. He was almost in everything the simplicity of the child with the child’s capacity for self-deception like a child he can believe in anything, he wants to believe… The second source of confusion is the double role, which Mahatma wants to play of a Mahatma and a politician. As Mahatma he may be trying to spiritualize politics, whether he has succeeded in it not. Politics have certainly commercialized him

 

56 Comments »

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    • I think all men and women should take Ideas and great thinking from Dr. B. R.Ambedkar to make a Buddhism country.

      • Really Nice thoughts..

        • i have to follow my bhims thoughts

  1. Congrats. A good job has been done in putting up the ideas, quotaions and some speeches of Dr. Ambedkar. But I find that there are some spelling mistakes which need to be corrected. In quotations the references would have served better for further reasdings.

  2. ambedkar view social,political,eco, women empowerment

  3. congrats u have did better job,but u can also add some other thoughts on education,how to think about thoughts from words which Babasaheb has written.
    thanks

  4. I Love Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar,he is the father of indian constitution.

  5. i am very happy because you had done good job .all thoughtsof Babasaheb is very useful to everyone.you can also add other thoughts such as arrigation, enviorment,international policies,water resourses policies,natuaral resources.

  6. pl upload more thought of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
    thanks

  7. The most greatest person on earth is dr.ambedkar …. No one can compare with him …. Hi is our father and also of whole india i think.
    And the most important work of dr-ambedkar is hi gives us buddhism and now we get reputation over world …. Isnt it most great person on earth … Namo buddhay…. Jay bhim ….

  8. the most greatest leader in the world… No one can compare with him…Namo buddhay… Jay bhim

  9. I think one day will become on that day gandhis photo will delete from currency,
    But that day never will become on that bhimbabas photo delete from all mahars blueheart.

    • great…!

      • very good ,
        BUT NOW WE ARE BUDHHIST AND NOT MAHAR.
        kiran Marchande -09820367959

  10. every student and educated person must follow this great humanist, democratist, liveralist and the father of social justice. good work…

  11. Really, Congrats for your Genius work ..

  12. Really its very nice……….! Its very helpfull to STUDENTS……….

    Thank you very much

  13. Amaging thouts of Ambedkar we are very greatfull you

    Thank you

  14. It is excellent effort to educate our society. Great thoughts motivate our people to do something great for society.

  15. Not only thoughts or philosophy Dr. Ambedkar always shows real actions
    “He is greatest Indian”
    thanks u Babasaheb u r my real life Hero

  16. very nice….i realy like it.

  17. very nice….i realy like it. thank to your work.

  18. really i like all thought of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkars
    Jay Bheem n namo Buddhay

  19. Koti..koti..Pranam to Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar having Such knowledge..I shalut to Ambedkar

  20. sat sat vandan Dr,babasaheb Ambedkar having such knowledge…Salam apko

  21. nice job
    we are only indian firstly and lastly

  22. i belive that one day every hindu will belive DR ambedkar

    • Dear ,
      this is right time to conveyance them, need to bring them close to real buddhisum.
      actually honest people have to give their time to convert hindu people to budhhist . dear this will happened soon. on worry.

  23. i thinking one day most become a buddhist country all over india it is call prabuddha bharat. namo buddhaya jaibhim

  24. thanx… To putting thought of dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in this way… Thanx. God job.
    “1ch saheb Babasaheb…”

  25. Great job!… Please keep updating

  26. U ARE GREAT ! PLS COME BACK AGAIN

  27. Great thoughts from the great man

  28. A good person do not like any society but when he died society always rember him and make him GOD.. Jai Bhim..

  29. Thank you for guiding in our real life hero dr.b.r.Ambedkar thoughts..

  30. its really knowledgeble.

  31. They are 36 pct more probable to spend clock time at Web sites devoted to and despair for to the highest degree Philippine online gamers.
    It’s in truth uncomplicated to Spiel, and Plainly desires you and will advantage players for beingness dedicated enough to spend their Vacation in their favorite virtual world.

  32. Jai bhim frnds..i’m really thank full 2 baba

  33. ths r realy amazing thoughts much more 2 imbibe .he was realy great .we should hv 2 do work for women empowerment in our society.

  34. Baba saheb has great thinking power…. really they have broad knowledge of India….

  35. Jai Bhim , I’m very greatfull to Babasaheb for his work for Dalits, obcs ,women and all downtrodden people in India

  36. bapacha bap ,vicharanche vichar,I congrats him his birth aniversary.

  37. Manually download Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches ALL the Volumes
    STEPS
    1) copy following line with quotes and paste in google
    “Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches all the Volumes”

    one result will appear like following click on it.
    Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches all the Volumes …
    https://docs.google.com/folder/d/…/edit

    2)Sign in gmail if it asks
    3)click “open in docs”
    4)click in square icon (leftside of “title “)word at top left side.
    5)check whether all 233 square boxes are selected or not. (these boxes will have Tick symbol symbol if not select all)
    6)right click on anyone and click and select download (or similar option).

  38. Good resource for Babasaheb quotes and speeches……

  39. Hi, I discovered your page on and even though the information looks
    reliable, I suspect your website may be going through a few browser compatibility issues.
    If I use Firefox, it loads correctly, but if
    I use Chrome, it comes up looking overlapped and off-kilter.
    Just wanted to inform you.

  40. Can you give me details abut des thoughts means wen did he say that, at wat occasion.. I want study dem thoroughly,,..

  41. Bharat Ratna Babasaheb Dr. B R Ambedkar, the Chief Architect of Constitution of India, is the Man of Millennium for Social Justice

  42. harat Ratna Babasaheb Dr. B R Ambedkar, the Chief Architect of Constitution of India, is the Man of Millennium for Social Justice
    Comment by bichu Ambeskar

  43. Very good effort.I thank you for this compilation.

  44. good information read more at B r ambedkar

    • he is d person who born to clims n growup our future ….hats off……!!!

  45. I don’t believe in God, but I accept that Dr. Ambedkar is God like figure for me and many dalits.

  46. thanks for putting these thoughts,,,,,,,,,,,,,helped a lot

  47. whenever I want some inspiration .. I come across this page read babasaheb’s thought …feels proud he belongs to untouchable and above all India ..History and true historian will always remember him skillful pilot of Indian constitution , women’s liberator , and above all champion of social reform born in India when she needed it most. Jay Bhim

  48. Great job my dear,Now the Time will decide who is father of Nation “Wagh to Wagh asato to konala bhit Nasato ,Jai Bhim Namo Budhhay”


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