THE HIGHER CASTES HAVE CONSPIRED TO KEEP THE LOWER CASTES DOWN

[1:] Not only has the Hindu made no effort for the humanitarian cause of civilizing the savages, but the higher-caste Hindus have deliberately prevented the lower castes who are within the pale of Hinduism from rising to the cultural level of the higher castes. I will give two instances, one of the Sonars and the … Continue reading THE HIGHER CASTES HAVE CONSPIRED TO KEEP THE LOWER CASTES DOWN

[8] Caste prevents the uplift and incorporation of the aboriginal tribes

[1:] The recent [constitutional] discussion about the excluded and partially included areas has served to draw attention to the position of what are called the aboriginal tribes in India. They number about 13 millions, if not more. Apart from the question of whether their exclusion from the new Constitution is proper or improper, the fact still … Continue reading [8] Caste prevents the uplift and incorporation of the aboriginal tribes

[7] The worst feature of the Caste System is an anti-social spirit

[1:] The Hindus often complain of the isolation and exclusiveness of a gang or a clique and blame them for anti-social spirit. But they conveniently forget that this anti-social spirit is the worst feature of their own Caste System. One caste enjoys singing a hymn of hate against another caste as much as the Germans enjoyed singing … Continue reading [7] The worst feature of the Caste System is an anti-social spirit

[6] Caste prevents Hindus from forming a real society or nation

[1:] Caste does not result in economic efficiency. Caste cannot improve, and has not improved, the race. Caste has however done one thing. It has completely disorganized and demoralized the Hindus. [2:] The first and foremost thing that must be recognized is thatHindu Society is a myth. The name Hindu is itself a foreign name. … Continue reading [6] Caste prevents Hindus from forming a real society or nation

[5] Caste cannot preserve a nonexistent “racial purity”

[1:] Some have dug a biological trench in defence of the Caste System. It is said that the object of Caste was to preserve purity of race and purity of blood. Now ethnologists are of the opinion that men of pure race exist nowhere and that there has been a mixture of all races in all … Continue reading [5] Caste cannot preserve a nonexistent “racial purity”

[4] Caste is not just a division of labour, it is a division of labourers

[1:] It is a pity that Caste even today has its defenders. The defences are many. It is defended on the ground that the Caste System is but another name for division of labour; and if division of labour is a necessary feature of every civilized society, then it is argued that there is nothing wrong … Continue reading [4] Caste is not just a division of labour, it is a division of labourers

[3] Why social reform is necessary for economic reform

[1:] Let me now turn to the Socialists. Can the Socialists ignore the problem arising out of the social order? The Socialists of India, following their fellows in Europe, are seeking to apply the economic interpretation of history to the facts of India. They propound that man is an economic creature, that his activities and … Continue reading [3] Why social reform is necessary for economic reform